13. Abraham Called by God from Paganism to be a Blessing to the Nations

Abraham’s Counsel to Sarah, by James Joseph Tissot. c. 1898

Abraham left Ur at about the same time that wandering tribes were entering what would eventually become Greece. For reference, this was about 1200 years before Homer wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey.1 

Continue reading “13. Abraham Called by God from Paganism to be a Blessing to the Nations”

12. Abraham the Worshipper of Strange Idols

This is a cylinder seal that illustrates how the moon god was worshipped in Mesopotamia by people like Abraham before his conversion.
(Abraham idolatry) Worship of the Moon God, on a Cylinder Seal from Ur courtesy of pinterest.dk

Ancient Apostacy

Was Abraham an idol worshipper before he met God? The evidence seems to say yes to Abraham ‘s idolatry.

Continue reading “12. Abraham the Worshipper of Strange Idols”

11. Abraham, the Father of Faith

Abraham Faith:

The West considers Socrates the father of philosophy, just as the entire world regards Abraham as the father of faith. The three major monotheistic religions – Christianity, Judaism, and Islam – all claim Abraham as their forefather.1 

Continue reading “11. Abraham, the Father of Faith”

10. Discover Abraham’s Birthplace of the Ancient City of Ur

Art of Ancient Ur, c. 2600-2400 B.C. (Post: Abraham of Ur)

Let us now leave 5th century B.C. Athens, Greece and take a trip back in time 1600 years to the city of Ur in Mesopotamia. A distance of 1400 miles separates the two cities. We leave the mild Mediterranean climate and the sophisticated life of the Athenians with their stately marble temples and travel to a semiarid climate in a much more rugged part of the world. As you can see from the map below, Ur was located in what is today southern Iraq. 

Continue reading “10. Discover Abraham’s Birthplace of the Ancient City of Ur”

9. Socrates and Jesus Compared

                               

This is a composite picture with the right side of the face of Socrates next to the left side of the face of Jesus - both statues. This picture illustrates how Jesus and Socrates are compared and contrasted in this post.
( Socrates and Jesus Compared ) courtesy of the-tls.co.uk

As we examine the life and impact of Socrates, we can see that there are many similarities between Jesus and Socrates. However, it’s important to note that the two men were not on an equal plane. According to Christian belief, Jesus is the Son of God, while Socrates was a mere man. In his Epistle to the Colossians, St. Paul states that “in Christ is hidden all of the treasures of wisdom and knowledge.” So if Socrates was wise, and Christ embodies all wisdom, he must have derived his wisdom from Christ.

Continue reading “9. Socrates and Jesus Compared”

8. Socrates and the Unexamined Life

                                  

A bronze statue of Socrates shows him sitting and pondering for he always said that the unexamined life was not worth living.
The Thinker by Rodin

“The unexamined life is not worth living.”1

-Plato’s Apology, 38a

This now famous line, which Socrates spoke at his trial, has rippled throughout Western Civilization. If I could sum up Socrates’ legacy in one maxim, it would be this quote. We must know ourselves and by extension the reason why we are here.

Socrates may have gotten this idea from the phrase, “know thyself (γνῶθι σεαυτόν), that was inscribed on the temple of Delphi.2 Or he may have first learned it by reading the works of Heraclitus. Regardless, the important thing is that he burned this idea of self-examination into the collective conscience of Western Civilization by proclaiming. It’s non-negotiable as he faced death by execution.

The famous inscription on the Temple of Delphi was more than a maxim. It was a warning for those who wished to be initiated into the higher mysteries of the divine nature. One could not proceed into the higher mysteries without a proper self-understanding. Knowing thyself then was the doorway into union with the divine. And union with the divine was the catalyst through both divine and human universe myteries, would eventually unfold.

Continue reading “8. Socrates and the Unexamined Life”

7. Socrates a Philosopher of Virtue and Truth

This in an outer walkway of a monastery that is comprised of beautiful gothic architecture. This symbolizes the greatness of Western civilization and the legacy of Socrates

What is the legacy of Socrates? For not leaving any writings behind, he had a tremendous impact on those who followed him1.

Continue reading “7. Socrates a Philosopher of Virtue and Truth”

6. Socrates, Martyr for the Truth

This is a very interesting picture of an ancient prison in Athens, Greece. Although most likely not the prison that Socrates died in, nevertheless a good example of what it may have looked like with its stone front and metal bars. 

Presocratic philosophers

The Presocratic Philosophers and Socrates

Socrates died for his beliefs and this set him apart from all other Presocratic philosophers that preceded him. He changed the course of Greek philosophy1.

Continue reading “6. Socrates, Martyr for the Truth”

5. Socrates an Ambassador of Truth to Athens

Here we have an image of a statue of Socrates sitting in a chair. He is leaning slightly forward with his left hand up to his face. The expression on his face is one of deep thought and contemplation.
 

Previously, I discussed how Socrates was convicted of “corrupting the youth” and “impiety.”1 He was accused of impiety because he tried to expand the meaning of piety beyond mere ceremony into intellectual understanding and the development of virtue. What good is honoring the gods if you are ignorant of what you are doing and you are, in fact, a rotten person?

Continue reading “5. Socrates an Ambassador of Truth to Athens”

4. Socrates the Humble Revolutionary

This is the ruins of the Greek Parthenon in Athens signifying the majesty of a once great Greek civilization that included the arts and philosophy.

Socrates Upsets the Status Quo

In the previous post, we saw that there were real and contrived reasons for why Socrates was brought to trial. Even though he was implicated in support of the previous tyrannical regime, he probably would have been fine if he had kept his head down and stayed under the radar. But he did just the opposite.

Continue reading “4. Socrates the Humble Revolutionary”