Table of Contents

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I. Introduction

Post 1 Faith and Reason, From St. Paul’s speech at at Areopagus to the modern age, this post gives a sweeping bird’s eye view to the development of the relationship between Faith and Reason.

II. Socrates, Father of Philosophy Series

This series of short posts gives an overview of the life and legacy of Socrates, the Father of Philosophy.

Post 2 The Death of Socrates, This dramatic post recounts the final tragic hours of Socrates’ life and his execution.

Post 3 The Wisdom of Socrates, How did Socrates became the wisest man in Greece?

Post 4 Socrates the Reformer, Socrates was a true reformer rather than a revolutionary

Post 5 Socrates’ Divine Mission, Socrates was a mystic who was guided by a divine voice.

Post 6 Socrates, Martyr for the Truth, Socrates’ death for truth changed the course of Western Civilization.

Post 7 The Legacy of Socrates, Socrates impacted Western Civilization in two important ways.

Post 8 Socrates and the Unexamined Life, This is my most popular post by far. Read it and find out why.

Post 9 Socrates and Jesus Compared, Read about the remarkable comparisons between Socrates, the Father of Philosophy, and Jesus, the Author of Faith.

III. Abraham, Father of Faith Series

This series of short posts gives an overview of the life and legacy of Abraham, the Father of Faith. Since this blog deals with both reason and faith, it is only appropriate to learn about how Abraham became the Father of Faith.

Post 10 Abraham of Ur, Learn about Abraham by learning about the city of his birth.

Post 11 Abraham, the Father of Faith, Abraham’s faith in revealed truth was just as rational as belief in empirical knowledge.

Post 12 Abraham the Idolater, Did Abraham worship idols?

Post 13 Abraham, Called by God, Abraham is called to leave Ur to embark on a 1200mile journey.

Post 14 Abraham and the Covenant, What does the covenant of Abraham have to do with Environmentalism?

Post 15 Abraham, Worshipper of God, Abraham’s worship centered around the altar.

Post 16 Abraham and Melchizedek, This post give a much better understanding of who Melchizedek was by taking into consideration historical context.

Post 17 Abraham, Blessing of all Nations God binds Himself to Abraham in a solemn covenant that has ramifications for the entire world.

Post 18 Abraham and the Covenant, The Covenant that God made with Abraham is the heart of the salvation of the world.

Post 19 Abraham and the Sacrifice of Isaac, The sacrifice of Isaac was central and essential to the fulfilling of God’s covenant with Abraham.

Post 20 Abraham, Justified by Faith and Works, Abraham justified by faith and works flows naturally out of the understanding of the ancient Hebrew concept of “word.”

IV. Introduction to the Presocratic Philosophers

Post 22 Homer, from Mythology to Metaphysics, In Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey, we start to see the beginning of a transition of mythology to the more rationalistic explanations of the Presocratic philosophers.

Post 23 Hesiod’s Theogony, from Mythology to Metaphysics, Hesiod was the first Greek thinker to speculate on origins of the universe.

Post 24 The Ionian Enlightenment, Read about the remarkable cultural renaissance that occurred in Ionia leading to the the beginnings of Greek philosophy.

V. The Presocratic Philosophers

Post 25 Thales of Miletus and Water, Thales is considered the first philosopher. Read this post to find out why.

Post 26 Anaximander of Miletus, What does Anaximander have to do with Nietzsche?

Post 28 Anaximenes of Miletus and Air, In his musings about air being the source of all things, he may have inadvertently stumbled upon the concept of the soul.

Post 29 Pythagoras and Harmony, Read about the connection between Pythagoras and the the ugly architecture that is all around us today.

Post 31 Xenophanes of Colophon, This is a very fascinating post about the first philosopher from the Eleatic (Southern Italy) school who posited the idea that God is one in opposition to the polytheistic Greek Homeric gods. Was he the first monotheist?

Series on the Presocratic philosopher Heraclitus

Of all of the Presocratic philosophers, Heraclitus is my favorite so I expanded him into a little series. He could pack multiple meanings into a single word or phrase and he used literary devices such as chiasms and alliteration. He was at the same time profound and provocative.

Post 32 Heraclitus of Ephesus, This post will introduce you to the brooding hermit who, at the same time, was the most aloof and most engaging Presocratic philosopher. He was a philosopher of paradoxes.

Post 33 Heraclitus and Logos, In this post I discuss Heraclitus’ personal encounter with the Logos and the ramifications for his philosophy.

Post 34 Logos and Heraclitus, Heraclitus expands the concept of Logos to something much larger than himself or indeed humanity.

Series on the Presocratic philosopher Parmenides

Post 42 Parmenides the Mystic, This post introduces Parmenides, an enigmatic figure to say the least, who taught us that darkness comes before enlightenment.

Post 43 Parmenides the Priest-Physician, This post starts by discussing Parmenides as a healer and ends with a critique of modern medicine.

Post 44 Parmenides and Being, Parmenides discovered one the the most fundamental ideas of reality, that of Being. As such, he can be considered the founder of the branch of metaphysics called ontology.

Series on Zeno’s Paradoxes

Post 45 Zeno’s Paradoxes I, Read this post to find out how Zeno’s paradoxes influenced everything from ancient Greek thought to quantum physics.

Post 46 Zeno’s Paradoxes II, This fascinating post discusses the paradox of the infinite fitting within the finite. This paradox was proven by a mathematician in the 20th century who eventually went insane pondering the thought.

Continuation of Presocratic Philosophers

Post 47 Anaxagoras and Mind, Anaxagoras names Mind as the unifying principle of all things. In his ideas we see the seed form of what would later become philosophical theism. Also, 2021 is the 2500th anniversary of Anaxagoras moving to Athens and founding the first school of philosophy there.

Post 48 Empedocles – Love and Strife, For Empedocles, Love and Strife are the dynamic forces that make the world go around. Was he projecting his marriage onto the universe or was he onto something metaphysical? Also, read about the man who came up with the idea of the four elements – earth, air, fire, and water.

VI. Series on the Idea of Logos – from Greek Philosophy to Christian Theology

This series dovetails off of Heraclitus’ concept of “logos” where I trace the Greek word “logos” from a term that simply meant “word” or “speech” to St. John’s concept of the Logos as the Son of God. This is an incredible journey indeed!

Post 32 Heraclitus of Ephesus, Under Heraclitus’ influence, the simple world “logos” was transformed into a deep philosophical concept. Read this post to see the beginning of this process.

Post 33 Heraclitus and Logos, Read about how the Logos revealed to Heraclitus that “everything is one.”

Post 34 Logos and Heraclitus, Heraclitus expands the Logos from the unity of all things to the wise principle that orders and governs everything.

Post 35 Logos: from Heraclitus to the Stoics, Heraclitus left a legacy that was picked up by the Stoics who built upon Heraclitus’ concept of logos. The Stoics expanded the his concept of Logos by giving to a more deterministic emphasis, calling this logos, “fate” or “god.”

Post 36 Logos: from the Stoics to Philo of Alexandria, Philo was a Jewish philosopher who was the first to bridge the gap between the Greek concept of logos and the Hebrew concept of “Word of God” thus setting the stage for the idea of logos to be used in Christian theology.

Post 37 Logos: from Philo of Alexandria to St. John the Apostle, Philo described Logos as Son of God, Mediator between heaven and earth, Wisdom of God, among other things pointing the way to Jesus Christ himself.

Post 38 The Logos and St. John the Apostle, “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God” now has much more meaning to the reader knowing all that has come before in the previous posts.

Post 39 The Logos and Justin Martyr, The concept of Logos came into full bloom under early Church Fathers like Justin Martyr. They used the idea of Logos to find commonality with the pagan world as a connection by which the could evangelize them.

VII. Understanding History

Post 21 The Purpose of History, There is an ultimate purpose to all of history and this post discusses what it is.

Post 49 The Incarnation and History, Read about how the Incarnation of Jesus Christ is the central event of all human history.

Post 50 The Dark Ages 1, Come take a fascinating journey through the early Middle Ages and you will find intriguing things there that you have heard before like the volcanic winter of 536 A.D., true climate change.

VIII. Eastern Thought

Post 40 China and the Logos, Of all of the ancient cultures, the Chinese culture was the most monotheistic reflecting their understanding of the Logos.

Post 41 Lao Tzu and the Tao, Lao Tzu came face to face to Christ in his thoughts and meditations and explained him more fully than anyone else aside from special revelation.

IX. Social Commentary (Philosophy Applied)

Post 30 On Those Who Suppress the Truth – Power vs. Authority, Since the Enlightenment, raw power has replaced divine authority.

X. Annual Christmas Post

Post 27 Jesus, Food for a Spiritually-Starved World, In this first installment of my annual Christmas post, I discuss the Eucharist with a little bit of Aristotle thrown in for good measure.

Post 49 The Incarnation and History, Read about how the Incarnation of Jesus Christ is the central event of all human history.

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